Predictably, most scholars blame this on the work of the Dysgnostics. However, for it to be entirely their fault would require crediting them with much more influence than most currently accepted theories hold they had, and would render several sources that have previously been verified as reputable to no longer be so. So many have sought a different explanation.
One that has gained some following is a theory that there were actually several individuals who all assumed the identity of Alexander Ducant. Some go so far as to suggest this group even underwent complex, although not impossible, surgical procedures to adopt the same physical appearance as well. However, aside from neatly explaining the discrepancies regarding him, there is no other evidence for this theory, and this hypothetical group's motivation for their odd deception remains unexplained.